Língua Inglesa

Juliana Jenny Kolb

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Questões Língua Inglesa

Questões extraídas de concursos públicos e/ou provas de certificação. Cada teste apresenta no máximo 30 questões.

Questão #1: (CETRO – AMAZUL/2015) Read the excerpt below taken from the text.
“The program, which focuses on crew safety and mission operations in deep space, seeks to pioneer new approaches for rapidly developing prototype systems, demonstrating key capabilities and validating operational concepts for future vehicle development and human missions beyond Earth orbit.”
Choose the alternative that presents the words that best substitutes, respectively, the bold and underlined ones in the sentences above.

Questão #2: (CESPE – SERPRO/2013) 1 Engineers do have an important role in reducing risks posed to society by modern technology, its products, and its wastes. Although engineers cannot bear the total blame for 4 safety and health risks, they are able to help reduce them to levels acceptable to society. In planning, design, operations, maintenance, or management activities, engineers should know 7 how to eliminate, reduce, or control safety and health risks within their sphere of responsibility. Every engineer must know when and how to use other professions, including safety 10 professions, in analyzing and reviewing their procedures and design decisions.
The risks to safety and health mentioned in “reducing risks posed to society” (R.1-2) are caused by the work of engineers in their “procedures and design decisions” (R.10-11).

Questão #3: (CESPE – SERPRO/2013) Specializations emerge and evolve in response to changing needs and opportunities, and focus on many different interlocking and cross-cutting aspects and dimensions of a field. The established branches of engineering illustrate this process in a very high degree. There are specializations by engineering artifact — automobile, aeronautical, naval and chemical engineering; by problem world — civil and mining engineering; and by requirement — production engineering, industrial and transportation engineering. There are specializations in theoretical foundations — control and structural engineering; in techniques for solving mathematical problems that arise in the analysis of engineering products — finite-element analysis and control-volume analysis; in engineering components for use in larger systems — electric motors, and internal combustion engines; in technology and material — reinforced concrete, conductive plastics; and in other dimensions too.
The author uses engineering as an instance of specialization of a field of knowledge in order to support his argument.

Questão #4: (CESPE – SERPRO/2013) Specializations emerge and evolve in response to changing needs and opportunities, and focus on many different interlocking and cross-cutting aspects and dimensions of a field. The established branches of engineering illustrate this process in a very high degree. There are specializations by engineering artifact — automobile, aeronautical, naval and chemical engineering; by problem world — civil and mining engineering; and by requirement — production engineering, industrial and transportation engineering. There are specializations in theoretical foundations — control and structural engineering; in techniques for solving mathematical problems that arise in the analysis of engineering products — finite-element analysis and control-volume analysis; in engineering components for use in larger systems — electric motors, and internal combustion engines; in technology and material — reinforced concrete, conductive plastics; and in other dimensions too.
According to the text, specialization arises from the need to prevent certain dimensions of a field from becoming obsolete after they had been recognized as established or traditional areas.

Questão #5: (CETRO – AMAZUL/2015) Read the following sentence taken from the text.
“Nuclear rocket engines generate higher thrust and are more than twice as efficient as conventional chemical rocket engines.”
It is correct to affirm that the adjectives in bold and underlined are, respectively,

Questão #6: (CESPE – SERPRO/2013) 1 Engineers do have an important role in reducing risks posed to society by modern technology, its products, and its wastes. Although engineers cannot bear the total blame for 4 safety and health risks, they are able to help reduce them to levels acceptable to society. In planning, design, operations, maintenance, or management activities, engineers should know 7 how to eliminate, reduce, or control safety and health risks within their sphere of responsibility. Every engineer must know when and how to use other professions, including safety 10 professions, in analyzing and reviewing their procedures and design decisions.
Even though the verbs “should” (R.6) and “must” (R.8) have different meanings, they can be used interchangeably in the text without invalidating the author’s plea.

Questão #7: (CETRO – AMAZUL/2015) ingles1 ingles2ingles3ingles4 ingles5 According to the text, one of the NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center cutting-edge research facility is called

Questão #8: (CESPE – TCU/2015) ingles1 The expressions “scrutinised” (l.7), “undertaking” (l.15) and “comply with” (l.21) can be respectively replaced by probed, setting about and conform to without this harming the text’s coherence and meaning

Questão #9: (CETRO – AMAZUL/2015) ingles1 ingles2ingles3ingles4 ingles5 Considering the text, read the statements below.
I. Engines powered by expanded hydrogen work better than regular chemical engines.
II. A CERMET composite is made of ceramics, metal and graphite.
III. The Nuclear Cryogenic Propulsion Stage created the technology that took human crews to Mars.
According to the text, the correct assertion(s) is(are)

Questão #10: (CESPE – TCU/2015)
ingles1
The difference between environmental auditing and environmental impact assessment is nowadays clear for those who work with auditing, be it in the financial field or in the environmental one.

Questão #11: (CETRO – AMAZUL/2015) Consider the verb tense in the following sentence taken from the text.
“Nuclear-powered rocket concepts are not new.”
Choose the alternative in which the extract is in the same verb tense as the one above.

Questão #12: (CETRO – AMAZUL/2015)  ingles21 ingles22According to the text, choose the alternative that presents how long can modern reactor cores stay without refueling.